|| Introduction / Jonathan C. Friedman -- PART I. The Nazi Takeover and Persecution in Hitler's Reich to 1939. 1. The Jewish communities of Europe on the eve of World War II / Jonathan C. Friedman -- 2. European antisemitism before the Holocaust and the roots of Nazism / William Brustein -- 3. Germany and the Armenian genocide of 1915--17 / Hans-Lukas Kieser -- 4. Eugenics, race hygiene, and the Holocaust: Antecedents and consolidations / Kirk C. Allison -- 5. Weimar Germany and the dilemmas of liberty / Eric D. Weitz -- 6. Hitler and the functioning of the Third Reich / Dieter Kuntz -- 7. The Thousand Year Reich's over one thousand anti-Jewish laws / Michael J. Bayzler -- 8. Persecution and gender: German-Jewish responses to Nazism, 1933--39 / Marion Kaplan -- 9. The fate of the Jews in Austria, 1933-39 / Lee H. Igel --
PART II. Germany's Racial War in Poland and the Soviet Union, 1939-41. 10. Victim and perpetrator perspectives of World War II-era ghettos / Helene Sinnreich -- 11. Forging the "Aryan Utopia": Nazi racial policy in occupied Poland, 1939-45 / Bradley Nichols -- 12. The Nazi "euthanasia" program / Patricia Heberer -- 13. The Einsatzgruppen and the issue of "ordinary men" / Guillaume De Syon -- 14. The origins of the Final Solution / Christopher Browning -- 15. Forced labor in Nazi anti-Jewish policy, 1938-45 / Wolf Gruner -- 16. The concentration and extermination camps of the Nazi regime / Sybille Steinbacher -- 17. Paradise/Hades, Purgatory, Hell/Gehenna: A political typology of the camps / Robert Jan Van Pelt --
PART III. The Final Solution in Europe. 18. Levels of accounting in Accounting for Genocide: A cross-national study of Jewish victimization during the Holocaust / Helen Fein -- 19. Reichskommissariat Ostland / David Gaunt -- 20. The Holocaust in western Europe / Wolfgang Seibel -- 21. Norway's role in the Holocaust: The destruction of Norway's Jews / Bjarte Bruland -- 22. The special characteristics of the Holocaust in Hungary, 1938-45 / King Afrojimovics -- 23. The Final Solution in southeastern Europe: Between Nazi catalysts and local motivations / James Frusetta -- 24. Transnistria: The Holocaust in Romania / Ronit Fischer -- 25. Nation-building and mass violence: The Independent State of Croatia, 1941-45 / Alexander Korb --
PART IV. The Responses from Victims, Bystanders, and Rescuers. 26. Sweden's complicated neutrality and the rescue of Danish Jewry / Paul A. Levine -- 27. The Rescuers: When the ordinary is extraordinary / Michael Berenbaum -- 28. Jewish resistance against Nazism / John M. Cox -- 29. "But I forsook not Thy precepts" (Ps. 119:87): Spiritual resistance to the Holocaust / Stephen Howard Garrin -- 30. The church, theology, and the Holocaust / Franklin Hamlin Littell, Marcia Sachs Littell -- 31. Model denomination or totalitarian sect? Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany / James Irvin Lichti -- 32. The neglected memory of the Romanies in the Holocaust/Porrajmos / Ian Hancock -- 33. The persecution of gay men and lesbians during the Third Reich / Geoffrey J. Giles -- 34. Double jeopardy: Being Jewish and female in the Holocaust / Myrna Goldenberg -- 35. The Jewish DP experience / Boaz Cohen --
PART V. The Holocaust in Law, Culture, and Memory. 36. Putting the Holocaust on trial in the two Germanies, 1945-89 / Devin Pendas -- 37. Music in the Nazi ghettos and camps / Shirli Gilbert -- 38. Holocaust documentaries / Lynne Fallwell, Robert G. Weiner -- 39. Sequential art narrative and the Holocaust / Robert G. Weiner, Lynne Fallwell -- 40. The role of the survivors in the remembrance of the Holocaust: Memorial monuments and Yizkor books / Rita Horvath -- 41. "The war began for me after the war": Jewish children in Poland, 1945-49 / Joanna B. Michlic -- 42. Toward a post-Holocaust theology in art: The search for the absent and present God / Stephen C. Feinstein -- Conclusion / Saul S. Friedman.
|| "The genocide of Jewish and non-Jewish civilians perpetrated by the German regime during World War Two continues to confront scholars with elusive questions even after nearly seventy years and hundreds of studies. This multi-contributory work is a landmark publication that sees experts renowned in their field addressing these questions in light of current research. Serving as a comprehensive introduction to the history of the Holocaust, this volume also adds depth to current debate, both geographically and topically, assessing the Final Solution as the German occupation instituted it across Europe and covering issues which have previously been under-investigated, such as the problem of prosecuting war crimes, gender and Holocaust experience, the persecution of non-Jewish victims, and the Holocaust in post-war culture."--Publisher description.